The Navigation Computer: Calculation of TAS from Mach Number
Finding TAS from Mach Number is easier than from CAS because there is only one variable - temperature - and no correction for compressibility.
There are 2 methods - a formula, or the Navigation Computer method
The formula is as follows:
TAS = Mach No × 38.95 √T° K
0 K is -273.16°C, though -273°C is a good enough approximation.
COAT = -47°C Mach No. = 0.82 What is the TAS?
-47°C = (273 - 47) = 226K
TAS = 0.82 × 38.95 × √226 = 480 knots
Now we will do the same calculation using the Navigation Computer:-
Move the AIRSPEED window round until the Mach No. index appears.
Set the COAT of -47°C against the index arrow.
This has set up a relationship between Mach No. on the inner scale and TAS on the outer scale.
Read off the TAS of 482 on the outer scale against the Mach no. of .82 on the inner scale.